The Semantic Web , or web semantic, is an extension of Web standardized by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). These standards encourage the use of web-based data formats and exchange protocols, with the Resource Description Framework (RDF) as the basic format.
According to the W3C, “the semantic Web provides a model that allows data to be shared and reused across multiple applications, businesses, and user groups . ” 3 The phrase was invented by Tim Berners-Lee 4 (Web Inventor and W3C Director), who oversees the development of common semantic Web technologies. It defines it as “a web of data that can be processed directly and indirectly by machines to help their users create new knowledge” . To achieve this, the Semantic Web implements the Web Dataof linking and structure information on the Internet to simply access the knowledge it already has 3 .
While critics have questioned its feasibility, its proponents argue that applications made by researchers in industry, biology and social studies have proven the validity of this new concept 5 . The original article by Tim Berners-Lee in 2001 in Scientific American described an expected evolution of the existing Web to a semantic Web 6 , but this has not yet occurred. In 2006, Tim Berners-Lee and his colleagues said, “This simple idea … remains largely untapped. “